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Sudan Open Learning Organization (SOLO)
Activities and Programs

SOLO  educational programmes – which mainly use DOL mechanisms and technologies, except for the literacy, include:

a) Non-Formal :
Campaigns  in primary health care (PHC) :
Addressing basic health issues such as environmental sanitation, personal hygiene, mother and child care … etc.

Literacy courses which include:
1- Basic Literacy Programme for refugees: 
This programme has been implemented in the Eastern States with the objective of irradicating illiteracy among groups of refugees using Arabic books from the National Council for Literacy and Adult Education, and the Tigrinya books prepared by SOLO. 

2- Basic Adult Literacy for Community Development (BALCD):
It is a community development programme under implementation by SOLO and financing by Talisman Company (Canada) in the locations of Rubkona and Fariang in Unity State, and Kailak Lake in West Kordofan State.  It targets groups from different tribes (Dinka, Neur, Misirya) and uses, as a basic  effort, literacy REFLECT approach. The participants learn in their mother tongue language (Dinka in Rubkona, Nuer in Fariang and Arabic in Kailak Lake).

3- Literacy (REFLECT) for displaced women in Kassala State:
The literacy REFLECT approach is a real integration between steering awareness and Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA) as a tool for self-realization and development.  The illiterates reflect their problems in pictures and maps and undertake and promote discussion of them to grasp their real causes so that they seek practical solutions for them.  In this approach, the illiterate person is seen as an active participant in the process of learning and not only a passive learner for educational material which may be irrelevant to his situation. 
The same programme with slight modification to suit the local environment is hereby introduced in the Nuba Mountains to fullfil basic aims mainly updating the needs of internally displaced war affected and vulnerable communities and identifying the potential anticipation humanitarian assistance to peace building.

4- The BLSP ( post literacy ) :
BLSP stands for:  Building Literacy in Sudan with SOLO Press.  It is the post-literacy programme.  By the nature of it, the programme uses no books, curriculum or any previously produced material.  It is up to the learners in their reading and writing circles to identify their needs, discuss them and work out a plan of best meeting them.  The role of the circle leader is to FACILITATE and not to DICTATE.

5- Education for Repatriation :
Upon request by UNHCR SOLO was asked to design, implement and monitor educational and cultural activities that best link the refugees to their country of origin.  SOLO began the activity by a front line survey in which children and women stated their views as regards what to be done.  In the end, the activity was rated highly successful and intentions for repeating it have recently been discussed.   
It should therefore go without saying that SOLO will always seek the participation of children, women and others in planning and implementing future projects.

6- Programme of  “Building Peace with Grass Roots Communities”: 
The general objective of this programme is to build and extend bridges between the different tribes of Sudan.  SOLO centres in Dar Elsalam and Wad Albashir camps act as the spearheads of the activities.  The programme started in January 2003.

b) Formal :
It is the first programme to be implemented by SOLO in the year 1984.  Finnacing stopped yet the programme continued on beneficiaries self-support.  It targets three levels: 
1- Foundation course of one year's duration for those who pass a diagnostic test.
2- Refresher course for late primary and early secondary leavers.  It is also of one year duration.
3- 'O' level course of two years duration qualifying for the University of London entry.

c) Vocational :
This has two courses: The Teacher Assistance Course (TAC) and the Primary Health Care (PHC) course, each of one year's duration.   The two courses share the characteristic of upgrading the professional competence of beneficiaries: i.e.  health providers below the level of  doctors and untrained basic level teachers.

The Teacher Assistance Course : 
SOLO started in 1989 the TAC to provide the basic-school teachers training course to the refugees, then amended the course to suit untrained basic-school teachers in all Sudan States. 
Initially the course was produced in English for teachers at self-help schools in displaced camps in Khartoum whose education was also English-based. The translation of the course to Arabic came as a result of suggestions from basic schools teachers; 90% of them females.  Further on, all improvements in the language and content of the course took place through participation by the beneficiaries themselves. 

The TAC is an in-service training which gives basic ideas and rules summarized in:
- Different methods of training
- School administration
- Administration of big and small classes
- Child psychology
- Discussion and analysis of basic-school curriculum.
- Child rights and girls education
- Culutre of peace
- AIDS and protection

PHC - Training of Health Cadres :
It is a training programme targeting the health cadres, other than medical practitioners. It consists of 26 units on primary health care. It is provided now by self-support.  

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